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Overview

Neurosurgery is surgery of the nervous system. Neurosurgery is a medical specialty that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of people with disorders of the brain, spinal cord, nervous system, spinal column, and peripheral nerves.


The medical doctors that diagnose and treat conditions related to the brain, spine, and other parts of your nervous system are called Neurosurgeons. They differ from general neurologists in the sense that they are specifically trained and certified in the use of surgical treatments of the neuro system including congenital anomalies, tumors, stroke, infections of the brain or spine, vascular disorders, or degenerative diseases of the spine.


Neurologists focus only on non-invasive procedures.

Neurosurgeons have to toil more than others as it's physically hard work, and it's emotionally hard work too according to Dr. Narayan. He says it’s important to get a sense that the students know what they are doing. Because neurosurgeries are highly exhausting. Though some simple procedures take only two hours, some procedures like removing invasive tumors in the brain require immense focus and may last up to 15 hours at a stretch.


The Most Common Neurosurgical Procedures include –

Spinal surgeries for decompression and/or fusion are supposed as the most common neurosurgical procedures. As far as the brain is related, the most common surgeries are for brain tumors and blood clots. Many neurosurgeons choose to specialize only in a few areas or types of surgeries as they are complicated.


The list of some common surgeries -

  • Laminectomy
  • Chiari Decompression. ...
  • Epilepsy Surgery. ...
  • Craniotomy

There is a booming need for a specialty in neurosurgery. According to a 2021 study, each year, a whopping 22.6 million individuals worldwide have been observed to require neurosurgeon's care due to diseases such as traumatic brain injury and hydrocephalus among which 13.8 million of them need to be operated on. There is a need for Approximately 23,300 additional neurosurgeons in low- and middle-income countries for cases that go unmet each year.

Why Choose Us

Wellness Hospitals consist of State-of-The-Art Neurology facilities and expert Neurosurgeons. We have a cutting-edge Operating Microscope and Neuronavigation that aids our neurosurgeons in locating the abnormal areas in the brain and taking action without damaging other essential parts of the brain. We use sophisticated Neurophysiology (EMG, NCV, EEG) technology and video-EEG diagnostic procedures to diagnose our patients. Neurosurgeons at Wellness Hospitals have that ease in carrying out inducing investigations, translating the results, and treating the patients depending on the investigation results.


We believe in conducting minimally invasive surgeries for the complicated nervous system, brain, and spine conditions. We have special Medical & Radiation Oncology equipment, Neuro-Radiology Services and, Neuro-Intensive Care amenities at Wellness Hospital. We specialize in performing Skull Base Tumors surgery, Epilepsy surgery, Cranial surgery, Brain Tumors surgery, Head Injuries Surgery, Endoscopic/Minimally Invasive Neurosurgery, Pituitary Tumors surgery, and Deep Brain Stimulation surgery.


We also house the best neurosurgeons in Hyderabad who are well experienced and possess the expertise to carry out complex brain surgeries with ease. With neuro ailments, we understand that the first few hours are crucial in the treatment. Hence, we have a rapid action team that receives the patients round the clock and takes care of proper rehabilitation of the patients. We streamline our duties in such a way that the medical attention is immediate and the survival rate is maximum.


We have a specialized and committed ‘Emergency Stroke Program’ to treat acute stroke patients. The multi-disciplinary team dedicated to this purpose comprises Neuro interventionalists, ER physicians, Imaging Specialists, Neurologists, Emergency Technicians, and Nurses. The team jumps into action as soon as they notice a patient with facial and arm weakness, and speech disturbance (FAST).


We also carry out post-operative care even after the patients are discharged and sent home. Patients always lose their neurological abilities after a stroke or disease and we are here to help them regain normalcy with our post-operative or rehabilitation care. The expert psychiatrists in our hospital collaborate with physiotherapists and dietitians and occupational therapists to help our patients regain their life.


Facilities at Wellness Hospital Neuro department include -

  • Centre for Cranial Endoscopic Neurosurgery
  • Center for Endovascular Neurosurgery
  • Center for Brain Tumor
  • Continental Emergency Stroke Program

Diagnosis

Upon suspicion of a brain injury, hydrocephalus tumors, epilepsy, aneurysm, or a stroke, a range of neurologic tests will be performed to assess the condition of the patient. The tests will be carried out by a radiologist or a technologist. The results will then be passed on to a doctor.


Some of the neurological diagnoses include -

  • An arteriogram (or angiogram) that makes arteries, veins, and other neural structures quite visible and reveals blockages, malformations, aneurysms, and other issues affecting the blood vessels of the brain and spine.
  • Electroencephalograms, or EEGs that record the electrical activity in the brain and form an active part of the diagnostic work-up for epilepsy and other disorders.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) that uses radio frequencies, powerful magnets, and a computer interface to be able to provide a crystal clear, detailed view of soft tissue and organs in the body. This is including the brain. Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and magnetic resonance venography (MRV) comprise special applications of magnetic resonance imaging.
  • Computed tomography, or CT scans that identify cross-sectional views of the brain and its surrounding structures. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) is a blend of a CT scan with an injection of a contrast medium that helps produce pictures of blood vessels and tissues.
  • A nuclear medicine imaging technique called Positron emission tomography (PET) helps in showing the function and structure of the brain, along with minute changes in cell activity noticed at the onset of certain diseases, such as cancer.

The common neurological disorders that need diagnosis –

  • Headaches. - Headaches are one of the most common neurological disorders can sometimes be a symptom of a bigger neurological issue.
  • Brain Stroke – Brain Stroke involves paralyzing of arms and face and needs immediate medical attention.
  • Epilepsy – Epilepsy is the fourth most common neurological problem of chronic seizures.
  • ALS: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
  • Alzheimer's Disease and Dementia - Alzheimer's Disease and Dementia is age-related and affects the memory of a patient.
  • Parkinson's Disease - Parkinson's Disease is caused by weakness in nerves.

Treatments

The most common brain-related surgeries are performed for brain tumors and blood clots. However, only a few types of operations and a few areas of specializations are taken up by the neurosurgeons.


Common types of neurosurgery -

  • Minimally Invasive or Endoscopic Neurosurgery.
  • Surgery for the tumors of the skull
  • Surgery for Brain Tumors including Pituitary Tumors
  • Surgery for Head trauma
  • Brain Aneurysms and Arteriovenous Malformations.
  • Surgery for Deformities and Growth Defects in the Skull
  • Surgery for Hydrocephalus
  • Craniostenosis

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